Sleep disorders are a group of medical conditions that affect the ability to sleep regularly. Whether they are caused by a health problem or by too much stress, sleep disorders are increasingly high in the United States.
Most of the people in the USA occasionally experience these problems due to stress, hectic schedules, and other outside impacts. However, when these issues occur regularly and interfere with your daily routine, they may indicate a sleeping disorder.
Depending on the type of sleep disorder, people may face difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep and may feel enormously tired throughout the day. The lack of sleep can harm mood, energy, concentration, and overall health.
In some cases, a sleep disorder can be a symptom of another medical or health condition. These sleeping problems may also go away once you get the treatment for the underlying disease. When sleep disorders are not caused by any medical condition, the treatment may include some medicines and lifestyle changes.
It is important to receive a diagnosis and treatment right away if you suspect a sleep disorder. If you are left untreated, the negative effect of sleep disorders can lead to further consequences.
Different types of sleep disorders
Insomnia refers to the inability of falling asleep or stay asleep. The factors causing this sleep disorder may include jet lag, stress, and anxiety, hormones, or digestive problems. It is usually divided into three categories chronic, intermittent, and transient.
Sleep apnea is identified by taking pauses in breath during sleep. This is a serious medical condition that makes your body take in less oxygen while sleeping. It can also cause you to wake up during the night.
Narcolepsy is characterized by sleep attacks that occur while awake. This means you will suddenly feel extremely tired and fall asleep without warning.
How are sleep disorders treated?
Treatment for these sleep disorders can vary depending on the type and underlying reason. However, most of the time it involves a combination of medical treatments and lifestyle changes.
Lifestyle changes can help you improve your quality of sleep, especially when you are done with medical treatments. You may want to consider:
- Incorporating more vegetables and fish into diet
- Reducing sugar intake
- Exercise and stretching to reduce stress and anxiety
- Drinking less water before bedtime
- Limiting caffeine intake
- Decreasing tobacco and alcohol use
- Maintaining a healthy weight
Going to bed and waking up at the same time daily can also help to improve your sleep quality.
Prescription sleeping pills may help you fall asleep easier or stay asleep longer-or both. All sleep medicines work on the brain to promote drowsiness. Some medicines are specially designed as sleep aids. Selective Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and Benzodiazepines are medicines that effectively help people get to sleep and are the most commonly used sleep medicines. These medicines cause sedation and relaxation and thus promoting sleep.
To get the right prescription, it is mandated to consult with your doctor. He/she may ask you a few questions before prescribing one:
- Ask questions to get a clear pattern of your sleep.
- Order tests to find out any underlying disease if you have
- Prescribe a sleeping pill for a limited period to know the benefits and side effects
You should only take these sleeping medications when you can get a full night of sleep. This means that you should take the medication at least seven to eight hours before you need to wake up.
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